Electromagnetic Fields Act Similarly in Plants as in Animals: Probable Activation of Calcium Channels via Their Voltage Sensor

Author: Martin L. Pall – Professor Emeritus of Biochemistry and Basic Medical Sciences Washington State University, USA. Abstract: It has been shown that low intensity microwave/lower frequency electromagnetic fields (EMFs) act in animals via activation of voltage-gated calcium channels (VGCCs)

Polarization: A Key Difference between Man-made and Natural Electromagnetic Fields, in regard to Biological Activity

Polarization: A Key Difference between Man-made and Natural Electromagnetic Fields, in regard to Biological Activity

Introduction: A large and increasing number of studies during the past few decades have indicated a variety of adverse biological effects to be triggered by exposure to man-made EMFs, especially of radio frequency (RF)/microwaves, and extremely low frequency (ELF). The